Oklahoma's National Register of Historic Places

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ID Number 73001560
Historic Name 101 RANCH
Description of Significance THE 101 RANCH COMPLEX INCLUDES BUILDINGS (AND THE REMAINS OF BUILDINGS) ASSOCIATED WITH THE RANCH, AS WELL AS THE GRAVE OF BILL PICKETT, AND THE WHITE EAGLE MONUMENT. IT IS LOCATED ON APPROXIMATELY EIGHTY ACRES OF OPEN LAND, BOUNDED ON THE SOUTH AND WEST BY THE SALT FORK OF THE ARKANSAS RIVER. THE 101 RANCH WAS ESTABLISHED BY COLONEL GEORGE MILLER IN 1879 ON LAND LEASED FROM THE PONCA TRIBE. OVER THE NEXT SEVERAL DECADES, MILLER AND HIS SONS BUILT THE LARGEST DIVERSIFIED FARM AND CATTLE RANCH IN THE UNITED STATES. THE RANCH BECAME FAMOUS FOR ITS FARM CROPS, OIL WELLS, LIVESTOCK, MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS, AND ITS WILD WEST SHOW THAT TRAVELED NATIONALLY AND INTERNATIONALLY. THE RANCH EMPLOYED UP TO 200 MEN IN VARIOUS CAPACITIES. MANY OF THE RANCH HANDS WERE AFRICAN AMERICAN, SUCH AS BILL PICKETT. WORLD WAR I, FOLLOWED BY THE GREAT DEPRESSION, DAMAGED THE FINANCES OF THE RANCH. IT EVENTUALLY WENT INTO FORECLOSURE AND WAS AUCTIONED OFF. THESE BUILDINGS, SITES, AND STRUCTURES WERE CONSTRUCTED BETWEEN 1905 AND 1952. BUILDINGS INCLUDE THE RUINS OF THE WHITE HOUSE OF THE 101 RANCH, A BLACKSMITH SHOP, GRANARY, MILK STORAGE BUILDING, SILOS, CAFE, JAIL, BARNS, THE RUINS OF A HOTEL, AND SEVERAL OTHER SMALL OUTBUILDINGS. MOST OF THESE BUILDINGS WERE STUCCO CLAD. THE COWBOY HILL CEMETERY ON THE PROPERTY HAS THREE GRAVES OF INDIVIDUALS ASSOCIATED WITH THE RANCH. THE GRAVE OF BILL PICKETT AND THE WHITE EAGLE MONUMENT ARE LOCATED SOUTHEAST OF THE CEMETERY. THE MONUMENT IS A FIFTEEN FOOT TALL NATIVE STONE CYLINDRICAL TOWER SURMOUNTED BY A STONE REPLICA OF A WHITE EAGLE. THE MONUMENT WAS DEDICATED TO PONCA CHIEF, WHITE EAGLE.
Current Name SAME
Address 12 MILES SW OF PONCA CITY ON SH-156
City PONCA CITY VICINITY
County KAY
Lot
Block
Current Section
Township
Range
Type DISTRICT
Historic Function DOMESTIC: SINGLE DWELLING; AGRICULTURE/SUBSISTENCE: AGRICULTURAL FIELD/STORAGE/OUTBUILDING; FUNERARY: GRAVES/BURIALS
Current Function AGRICULTURE/SUBSISTENCE; DOMESTIC: SINGLE DWELLING
Area Signficance 1 AGRICULTURE
Area Significance 2 ENTERTAINMENT/RECREATION; ETHNIC HERITAGE: BLACK
Date Prepared SEPTEMBER 1974
Year Built 1905-1952
Original Site YES
Architect/Builder UNKNOWN
Architectural Style N/A
Roof Material N/A
Wall Material N/A
Window Material N/A
Door Material N/A
Decorative Details
Condition GOOD, FAIR, POOR
Comments
Restricted N